Menopause, also known as the "Golden Age," is a stage of life that brings physical and mental changes. It is caused by a decline in sex hormones, most of which are produced by the ovaries. As women age, ovarian function decreases, resulting in a gradual decrease in female hormone levels and various disorders in many body systems. Consulting with a specialist doctor can determine if you have entered menopause and how to receive appropriate treatment for maximum benefits.
What are the symptoms of entering the Golden Age?
Menopausal symptoms can be both physical and psychological and can last from a few days to several years, depending on the individual. Symptoms may begin before menopause, many years prior, or after menopause and gradually develop over time. These symptoms may come and go or persist continuously.
Physical symptoms commonly experienced during menopause include:
Irregular menstrual cycles in terms of quantity and duration
Hot flashes or experiencing sudden feelings of heat throughout the body, sometimes accompanied by cold sensations, similar to having a fever
Increased sweating, especially at night
Dizziness or headaches
Muscle or joint pain
Dry, wrinkled skin with a lack of moisture
Palpitations or abnormal sensations in the chest
Fatigue, lethargy, and a lack of energy for activities
Vaginal dryness leading to pain during intercourse
Increased risk of vaginal infections or frequent bladder infections
Psychological symptoms that may occur during menopause include:
Irritability and restlessness
Decreased sex drive
Difficulty concentrating on tasks
How is menopause treated?
When entering menopause, it is important to seek advice from a specialist doctor regarding the following:
Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis through bone density measurements
Evaluation of blood markers that indicate the rate of bone formation and breakdown, assessing bone health
Guidance on a healthy diet that promotes well-being while avoiding certain foods, such as those high in fat or sugar
Appropriate exercise, lifestyle modifications, and stress reduction techniques
Selection of the right type and form of hormone therapy if necessary. The doctor will provide guidance on usage and monitor any potential side effects. Hormones can be administered not only orally but also through creams, patches, or vaginal formulations.
Screening for breast cancer using advanced tools. Individuals at risk or those seeking a comprehensive examination can consult with a doctor specializing in menopausal care.
Bone density measurements are beneficial for individuals approaching menopause. Early detection allows for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis before fractures and related complications occur, reducing the burden of treatment expenses.